Types of Education

Education extends beyond what occurs within the four walls of the classroom. On the basis of these factors, a child receives education from his experiences outside of school as well as those within. Formal, Informal, and Non-formal education are the three main types of education. Each of these types is described briefly below.


  • Formal education or formal learning typically occurs within the confines of a school, where a person can learn basic, academic, or trade skills.
  • Small children are frequently enrolled in a nursery or kindergarten, but formal education typically begins in elementary school and continues through secondary school.
  • Post-secondary education (or higher education) is typically obtained at a college or university, where an academic degree may be obtained.
  • It is linked to a specific or stage and is provided in accordance with a set of rules and regulations.
  • Formal education is provided by specially trained teachers who are expected to be skilled in the art of instruction.
  • It also maintains strict discipline.
  • The student and the teacher both are aware of the facts and engage themselves in the process of education.


  • Classroom education
  • Grading/certification in schools,
  • college and university degrees
  • Planned education in various subjects with a proper syllabus obtained by attending the institution.


  • Formal education is organized in a hierarchical manner.
  • It is deliberate and planned.
  • Scheduled fees are paid on a regular basis.
  • It has a grading system that is based on chronological order.
  • It has a curriculum and is subject-oriented.
  • The syllabus must be completed within a specific time frame.
  • The teachers instruct the child.


  • Informal education can include a parent teaching a child how to cook or ride a bicycle.
  • People can also obtain an informal education by reading a large number of books from a library or visiting educational websites.
  • Informal education is when you do not attend school and do not use a specific learning method.
  • Conscious efforts are not required in this type of education.
  • It is not premeditated or deliberate.
  • It can be learned in a market, a hotel, or at home.
  • Informal education, unlike formal education, is not provided by a formal institution such as a school or college.
  • Informal education is not delivered on a set schedule.
  • There is no set curriculum that must be followed.


  • Educating the child on fundamentals such as numeric characters.
  • Someone who is learning his or her mother tongue
  • A spontaneous type of learning occurs “when a person standing in a bank learns about opening and maintaining a bank account from someone.”


  • It is unaffected by boundary walls.
  • It does not have a set curriculum.
  • It is not pre-planned and has no set timeline.
  • There are no fees because we get our informal education through daily experience and learning new things.
  • In a natural way, it is a lifelong process.
  • There are no certificates/degrees involved, and there is no pressure to learn new things.
  • You can get it from any source, including media, life experiences, friends, family, and so on.


  • Adult basic education, adult literacy education, and school equivalency preparation are examples of non-formal education.
  • Someone who is not in school can learn literacy, other basic skills, or job skills through nonformal education.
  • Other options include home education, individualized instruction (such as programmed learning), distance learning, and computer-assisted instruction.
  • Non-formal education is implemented consciously, deliberately, and systematically.
  • It should be designed for a single, homogeneous group. Education, whether formal or informal, should be designed to meet the needs of the identified group.
  • This will necessitate flexibility in the design of the curriculum as well as the evaluation scheme.


  • Boy Scouts and Girl Guides develop sports programmes such as swimming, which fall under the category of nonformal education.
  • Exercise routines
  • Adult education classes in the community Some organizations have created free adult education courses.


  • Nonformal education is organized and takes place outside of the school system.
  • The timetable and syllabus can be changed.
  • It is practical and vocational education, as opposed to theoretical formal education.
  • There is no age limit for nonformal education.
  • Fees and certificates may or may not be required.
  • It can be full-time or part-time learning, and one can earn and learn at the same time.
  • It entails the acquisition of professional skills.

Related Topics, Sociology of Education


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