Education extends beyond what occurs within the four walls of the classroom. On the basis of these factors, a child receives education from his experiences outside of school as well as those within. Formal, Informal, and Non-formal education are the three main types of education. Each of these types is described briefly below.
- Formal education or formal learning typically occurs within the confines of a school, where a person can learn basic, academic, or trade skills.
- Small children are frequently enrolled in a nursery or kindergarten, but formal education typically begins in elementary school and continues through secondary school.
- Post-secondary education (or higher education) is typically obtained at a college or university, where an academic degree may be obtained.
- It is linked to a specific or stage and is provided in accordance with a set of rules and regulations.
- Formal education is provided by specially trained teachers who are expected to be skilled in the art of instruction.
- It also maintains strict discipline.
- The student and the teacher both are aware of the facts and engage themselves in the process of education.
EXAMPLES OF FORMAL EDUCATION
- Classroom education
- Grading/certification in schools,
- college and university degrees
- Planned education in various subjects with a proper syllabus obtained by attending the institution.
CHARACTERISTICS OF FORMAL EDUCATION
- Formal education is organized in a hierarchical manner.
- It is deliberate and planned.
- Scheduled fees are paid on a regular basis.
- It has a grading system that is based on chronological order.
- It has a curriculum and is subject-oriented.
- The syllabus must be completed within a specific time frame.
- The teachers instruct the child.
- Informal education can include a parent teaching a child how to cook or ride a bicycle.
- People can also obtain an informal education by reading a large number of books from a library or visiting educational websites.
- Informal education is when you do not attend school and do not use a specific learning method.
- Conscious efforts are not required in this type of education.
- It is not premeditated or deliberate.
- It can be learned in a market, a hotel, or at home.
- Informal education, unlike formal education, is not provided by a formal institution such as a school or college.
- Informal education is not delivered on a set schedule.
- There is no set curriculum that must be followed.
EXAMPLES OF INFORMAL EDUCATION
- Educating the child on fundamentals such as numeric characters.
- Someone who is learning his or her mother tongue
- A spontaneous type of learning occurs “when a person standing in a bank learns about opening and maintaining a bank account from someone.”
CHARACTERISTICS OF INFORMAL EDUCATION
- It is unaffected by boundary walls.
- It does not have a set curriculum.
- It is not pre-planned and has no set timeline.
- There are no fees because we get our informal education through daily experience and learning new things.
- In a natural way, it is a lifelong process.
- There are no certificates/degrees involved, and there is no pressure to learn new things.
- You can get it from any source, including media, life experiences, friends, family, and so on.
- Adult basic education, adult literacy education, and school equivalency preparation are examples of non-formal education.
- Someone who is not in school can learn literacy, other basic skills, or job skills through nonformal education.
- Other options include home education, individualized instruction (such as programmed learning), distance learning, and computer-assisted instruction.
- Non-formal education is implemented consciously, deliberately, and systematically.
- It should be designed for a single, homogeneous group. Education, whether formal or informal, should be designed to meet the needs of the identified group.
- This will necessitate flexibility in the design of the curriculum as well as the evaluation scheme.
EXAMPLES OF NONFORMAL EDUCATION
- Boy Scouts and Girl Guides develop sports programmes such as swimming, which fall under the category of nonformal education.
- Exercise routines
- Adult education classes in the community Some organizations have created free adult education courses.
CHARACTERISTICS OF NON-FORMAL EDUCATION
- Nonformal education is organized and takes place outside of the school system.
- The timetable and syllabus can be changed.
- It is practical and vocational education, as opposed to theoretical formal education.
- There is no age limit for nonformal education.
- Fees and certificates may or may not be required.
- It can be full-time or part-time learning, and one can earn and learn at the same time.
- It entails the acquisition of professional skills.
Related Topics, Sociology of Education
- Introduction Sociology of Education
- Nature and Scope of Education
- Historical Background of Education
- Characteristics of Education
- Types of Education
- Contemporary Education System
- Education and Socialization
- Education and Stratification
- Education and Social Mobility
- Functions of Education
- Education and Democracy
- Education for Leadership
- School as an Organization
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