Introduction Sociology of Education

  • Human life, God’s best creation, has two aspects: biological and socio-cultural.
  • Plant and animal life both have biological aspects. However, the socio-cultural aspect is a unique feature of human life.
  • Only man has the ability to be educated.
  • Education, in its broadest sense, is a type of learning in which a group of people’s knowledge, abilities, and habits are passed down from generation to generation through teaching, training, or study.
  • Education is frequently conducted with the assistance of others.

Meaning of Education:

The origins of the word “education” can be traced back to various sources.

  • According to one interpretation, the word education is derived from the Latin word “educo,” which means “I lead out.” Here E indicates “out of,” while “duco” means “I lead.” In other words, “educo” means “I lead out of darkness into light,” and “I” refers to the teacher.
  • Another school of thought holds that the word “education” is derived from the Latin word “educare,” which means “to nurture,” “to bring up,” or “to nourish.”

Definitions of Education:

  • Education is the process of facilitating learning or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs and habits.
  • The process of giving or receiving systematic instructions about something is called education.
  • According to Albert Einstine: “Education is not the learning of facts but the training of mind to think”.
  • According to Aristotle: “the education is an ornament of prosperity and a refuge in adversity”.

Sociology of Education:

  • The study of how social institutions and individual experiences affect education and its consequences is known as  sociology of education.
  • The scientific study of the social processes and social patterns involved in the educational system is known as sociology of education.
  • Sociology of Education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences influence education and its consequences.

The purpose of education in any civilization is to help transmit the culture of that society to the young. Parents, teachers, and other elements of society all contribute to this important job. It invariably implies that every member of society has a statutory function to transfer knowledge in order for humans to survive. The home provides informal education, the school provides formal education, and the open society provides non-formal education. It is unavoidable to exist in any civilization without receiving some type of education.

Related Topics, Sociology of Education


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