- Assessment is the process by which the quality of an individual’s work is measured or judged.
- Educational assessmentis the systematic process of documentingand using empirical data on the knowledge, skill, attitudes, and beliefs to refine programs and improve student learning.
- Initial, formative, summative and diagnostic assessment
- Objective and subjective
- Referencing (criterion-referenced, norm-referenced, and ipsative)
- Informal and formal
- Internal and external
- Placement evaluation is used to place students according to prior achievement or personal characteristics, at the most appropriate point in an instructional sequence.
- The tests that colleges and universities use to assess college readiness and place students into their initial classes
- Formative assessment is generally carried out throughout a course or project. Formative assessment, also referred to as “educative assessment,” is used to aid learning.
- Formative assessments can take the form of diagnostic, standardized tests, quizzes, oral question, or draft work.
- Summative assessment is generally carried out at the end of a course or project. In an educational setting, summative assessments are typically used to assign students a course grade
- Summative assessments are often used to determine whether a student has passed or failed a class.
- Diagnostic assessment deals with the whole difficulties at the end that occurs during the learning process
- Objective assessment is a form of questioning which has a single correct answer.
- True/false answers,
- Multiple choice,
- Matching questions
- Subjective assessment is a form of questioning which may have more than one correct answer (or more than one way of expressing the correct answer)
- Extended-response questions
- Formal assessment usually implies a written document, such as a test, quiz, or paper. A formal assessment is given a numerical score or grade based on student performance
- An informal assessment usually occurs in a more casual manner and may include observation, inventories, checklists, rating scales, rubrics, performance and portfolio assessments, participation, peer and self-evaluation, and discussion.
- No Grade or Score
- Internal assessment is set and marked by the school (i.e. teachers). Students get the mark and feedback regarding the assessment
- External assessment is set by the governing body, and is marked by non-biased personnel.