Social Stratification and Class
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION AND CLASS
In the current era the society has three main classes as on the base of economic resources, education, family background etc. These are as:
It is the highest class in the society. It mostly influences the whole society. Most of the resources in the society are held by this class. They are the business owners, politicians, corporate leaders and successful executives. Most of the wealth they get through inheritance.
The people of this class are skilled and educated. This class is actually the functional class of the society. It has very important role in the society, all the progress of the society is based on this class. Basically, it creates linkage between the upper and the lower-class people.
It is the poor class of the society. Most of them haven’t the basic facilities of the life. To get the basic need of life they become criminal. They are not educated nor have the working skills to do something. The most of them depend on other society.
Effects of Social Class to other factors
Social Class: (the Concept Given by Karl Marx.)
A group of people having more or less equal economic resources indicating similar standards of living in a society constitute a class.
Generally, three classes exist in Pakistan.
Theory of struggle:
Karl Marx gave the theory of struggle. He said that unequal distribution of economic resources creates classes. They can only survive if they fight each other. Classification creates hatred and enmity against other classes. Capitalism supports private ownership and creates classes while socialism empowers people.
Nature and character of class:
- Class is a status group
- Class can be achieved and can be changed
- Class system is universal
- Social class is open group
- It arouses feeling of class consciousness